Stars Shine Brightly Kindergarten Arts Experience Teacher Guides

Welcome to AGREE’s “Stars Shine Brightly” Arts Experiences! Designed to help K-5 Educators to address Arizona standards in Arts, World Native Language Studies, ELA and Social Studies. Created by Arizonans for Arizonans, this resource is for the classroom and is designed to be facilitated in order. Each grade level has 5 experiences involving Storytelling, Music, Theater, Dance, and Visual Art, with topics that broaden students’ understanding of The Golden Rule.

Arts Experience #1

Storytelling

AZ PO Strands

K.SL.1

AGREE Strand

SSB.G-K.1

Objectives

ELA Objective: (K.SL.1) Participate in collaborative conversations by taking turns retelling a story with agreed upon rules.

AGREE Objective: Learn about and use the Golden Rule Compass and Kindness Turtle’s ABC’s and being kind in the classroom.

Cultural Focus

Mexico

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Excite the class about going on a Golden Rule journey together using the Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource.
  2. Guess what I brought with me?
    • It has arms
    • It is made of metal and glass
    • It tells us which direction to go
  3. Show them a compass or the Golden Rule Compass.
    • Explore North, South, East and West with them
    • Have them face and point with their hands/arms in those directions
  4. “Just like the compass shows you which way to move, the Golden Rule Compass guides you to know how to treat others.” Show Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource
    • Have them repeat each of the points on the Golden Rule Compass: kindness, empathy, respect, civility
    • Invite them to point with you in the cardinal directions again but instead of the cardinal directions, use the Golden Rule Compass words.
  5. Excite the class “We are going on a Golden Rule journey together through story, song, theatre, dance and art!”

Telling the Story:

  1. Use the “Señor Coyote the Judge” Resource to read aloud or play the story.
  2. Involve the students by having them do actions for each of the characters to help bring the story to life (hopping, stuck, pushing the rock, etc.)
  3. “Now you will tell me the story using Kindness Turtles ABC’s.” Show the Kindness Turtle ABC’s Visual Resource or read the following: A=ADD   Add your ideas. B=BE PATIENT  Be patient until it’s your turn. C=CONCENTRATE  Concentrate on what the speaker is saying.
  4. As a class, have students take turns retelling the story as a class in their own words.

Golden Rule Challenge: As a class, we will use the Golden Rule Compass.

Arts Experience #2

Music

AZ PO Strand

IR.NL.1, MU.CR.1.Kb, K.SL.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-K.2

Objectives

World/Native Language Objective: (IR.NL.1) Recognize the Spanish word “bondad” (kindness) and use it in the classroom.

Music Objective: (MU.CR.1.Kb) With appropriate guidance, explore musical features (e.g. movement, vocalizations, or instrumental accompaniments). 

ELA Objective: (K.SL.1) Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-K.2) Learn about what Kindness looks like and identify when it is safe to help.

Cultural Focus

Mexico

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: bondad (Spanish for kindness)

Prospecting for Gold: What do we remember about the Golden Rule Compass?

Golden Rule Activity

  1. Show the Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource. “Kindness is doing good things for others and helping things go well for them. 
  2. The Spanish word for kindness is “bondad.” (audio resource above) Kindness points us North on the Golden Rule Compass and is the starting point on our Golden Rule journey. Do you know what kindness is?” Allow students to answer.
  3. Kindness Turtle encourages us to smile and use positive words.” Demonstrate what kindness looks like and ask your students to show you what kindness looks like in return. “In our class, we will be kind to each other.” 
  4. If assistance is available, split the class into small groups with an adult facilitating each group’s discussion. If assistance is not available, have the discussion as a class. a. How are people kind to you? b. How can you be kind to others?

Singing the Song:

  1. Invite groups to come back together and play the beginning of the song “Help me! I’m Stuck” Video/Sheet Music Resource as they do.
  2. Show the Musical Instruments Visual Resource and ask students what instruments they heard that are on the poster. 
  3. “This song was written here in Arizona as inspired by the Mariachi music of Mexico.” Optional: Learn more about Mariachi music as a class by researching and using additional online resources.
  4. Prepare a single set of Kinder Puppets Visual Resource (simply cut out and glued/taped to sticks or pencils) of rabbit, snake and coyote and use them to narrate. Listen to the song as you do. Optional: Involve 3 students by having them stand and hold the puppets in front of the class.
  5. (After listening to the song the second time) Rabbit was showing kindness by trying to help. When is it not safe to help? Can you think of any examples?
  6. Invite 3-4 students to share their ideas of when it is safe to help and when it is not safe to help. Share examples of your own.

Golden Rule Challenge: As a class, we will show kindness (bondad) when it is safe.

Arts Experience #3

Theater

AZ PO Strand

TH.CR.2.Ka., K.RL.1, K.SL.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-K.3

Objectives

Theater Objective: (TH.CR.2.Ka.) With prompting and support, interact with peers and contribute to a guided theatrical experience (e.g., process drama, story drama, creative drama)

ELA Objective: (K.RL.1) With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. 

ELA Objective: (K.SL.1) Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-K.3) Learn about Empathy and understand how to use empathy in recognizing the feelings of others.

Cultural Focus

Mexico

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: empatía (Spanish for empathy)

Prospecting for Gold: “Kindness is caring.” How did you find ways to be kind?

Golden Rule Activity: 

  1. Show the Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource. Review the direction of Kindness (North) and add Empathy. “Empathy is understanding that we share similar emotions (happiness, sadness, nervousness, shyness, etc.).”
  2. “The Spanish word for empathy is “empatía.” Use “empatía” Audio Resource on this page for pronunciation. 
  3. “Empathy (empatía) points us East on the Golden Rule Compass and is our second direction on this Golden Rule journey.”
  4. Help your class understand empathy by acting out different emotions and asking them to guess how you are feeling.
  5. Ask, “Could an emotion be expressed in different ways? How?”
  6. “Time for a Golden Rules discussion!” Remind your students to use Kindness Turtle ABC’s (A=Add, B=Be Patient, C=Concentrate).
  7. If assistance is available, split the class into smaller groups with an adult facilitating each group’s discussion. a. When you are feeling sad, how would you want someone to treat you? b. How can you live the Golden Rule and treat someone else that way?

Reading the Script:

  1. Print or project “Tricky Rattlesnake” Reading Resource for students to read along.
  2. Explain to your class that they will be reading a script, with characters from the story, and each student will be given a character to read. Show them the pictures that go with the part they will read in their script. Time permitting, allow them to switch and read each part.
  3. Explain that they will read only aloud only when it’s their part. “When you are not reading, concentrate and be patient.”
  4. After reading the script, Ask about key details, focusing on one character at a time: 
    • How did this character feel? 
    • What did they do because of how they felt?
    • Were their actions helpful or hurtful?

Golden Rule Challenge: As a class, we will use empathy (empatía) to understand how someone feels.

Arts Experience #4

Dance

AZ PO Strand

DA.CR.1.Kc; CUL.N.1, K.SL.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-K.4

Objectives

Dance Objective: (DA.CR.1.Kc) Respond in movement to a variety of stimuli (e.g., music/sound, images, symbols, tactile, text, objects).

World/Native Language Objective: (CUL.N.1) Participate in age-appropriate and culturally authentic activities such as celebrations, songs, games, and dances; recognize products of culture. 

ELA Objective: (K.SL.1) Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-K.4) Learn about Respect and understand how to use words and expressions to respond to others.

Cultural Focus

Mexico

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: respeto (Spanish for respect)

Prospecting for Gold: “Empathy involves feelings.” How do you understand the feelings of others?

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Show the Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource. Review the directions of Kindness (North) and Empathy (East) and add Respect. “Respect is showing that all people are important through your responses and actions.”
  2. “The Spanish word for respect is “respeto.” Use “respetó” Audio Resource* for pronunciation. 
  3. “Respect (respeto) points us South on the Golden Rule Compass and is our third direction on our Golden Rule journey.” a. Help your class understand respect by asking questions about a student, model respectful responses (e.g. eye contact, not interrupting, asking clarifying questions, and responding positively).
  4. “Time for a Golden Rules discussion!” Remind your students to use Kindness Turtle ABC’s (A=Add, B=Be Patient, C=Concentrate).
  5. If assistance is available, split the class into smaller groups with an adult facilitating each group’s discussion. a. How can you show respect?

Doing the Dance:

  1. “This dance we will learn is inspired by a traditional folk dance called El Jarabe Tapatío (the “j” is pronounced like “h”).”
  2. Begin by teaching the basic “Jarabe Tapatío” (“Danza del Conejo y Serpiente” Video Resource). This step will be done during the beginning of the song and during the choruses. 
    • The movement is done by switching front foot, flexed: Right, Left, Right (hold), Left, Right, Left (hold). Right, Left, Right (hold). Simultaneously, arms are held in front, left hand touching the right elbow, right arm, elbow bent with the hand reaching upwards (L shape). Same hand as leg. 
    • After this move, students will walk in a circle in place with their hands on their hips.
  3. After teaching the basic step, play the song “Help me! I’m Stuck” Resource and model movements. During the verses, use the puppets for each character to help students experience the story. 

Golden Rule Challenge: As a class, we will use respect (respetó) to help other people feel important.

Arts Experience #5

Visual Art

AZ PO Strand

VA.CR.1.Kb, K.RL.3

Agree Strand

SSB.G-K.5

Objectives

Visual Art Objective: (VA.CR.1.Kb) Engage collaboratively (such as using manipulatives for construction, adding to a group collage, etc.) in creative art- making in response to an artistic problem.

ELA Objective: (K.RL.3) With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

AGREE Objective: Learn about Civility and how it helps us interact with others.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource“Help me! I’m Stuck” Resource, Rattlesnake Story Chain Print Resource, “cortesia” Audio Resource (on this page), Kindness Turtle ABC’s Visual Resource

Additional Materials (per student): 6 long paper slips per student, glue sticks, coloring supplies, scissors

Cultural Focus

Mexico

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: cortesia (Spanish for civility)

Prospecting for Gold: “Give Respect, Get Respect. ”  Why are other people important? How can other people help you? How can you help them?

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Show the Golden Rule Compass Visual Resource. Review the directions of Kindness (North), Empathy (East), Respect (South) and add Civility (West). “Civility is talking or treating others in a polite and good way.”
  2. “The Spanish word for civility is “civilidad.” Use “cortesia” Audio Resource on this page for pronunciation. 
  3. “Civility (civilidad) points us West on the Golden Rule Compass and is our fourth and final direction on this journey to a Golden Rule Character.”
  4. Help your class understand 3 ways to show civility.
    • Use polite phrases (thank you, please, sorry, help me understand, etc.)
    • Stay civil when responding to unkind things (stay calm, “I’m sorry you feel that way”, “Did you say that to hurt my feelings?”, etc.)
    • Focus on the things you have in common (We both like spaghetti, We both have brothers and sisters, etc.) and learn about the differences (that’s interesting, tell me more? Why do you like that? etc.)
  5. “Time for a Golden Rules discussion!” Use Kindness Turtle ABC’s (A=Add, B=Be Patient, C=Concentrate). “Time for a Golden Rules discussion!” Use Kindness Turtle ABC’s (A=Add, B=Be Patient, C=Concentrate).
  6. If assistance is available, split the class into smaller groups with an adult facilitating each group’s discussion. a. What does it mean to find things in common? b. What are civil facial expressions? 

Creating the Art:

  1. “You have now learned the compass words and we have completed our first Golden Rule journey! To celebrate, let’s make some art and have a ‘fiesta’ (party)!”
    • Optional: Create a true fiesta! With colorful streamers, music, treats, a pinata, etc. Help students feel the excitement for what they have learned about the Golden Rule.
  2. Pass out art materials. Create a sample before starting the art project and show your students the Story Snake.
  3. Review the story of “Senor Coyote the Judge” with your students’ help, pausing at each main event. For each main event, have students draw a picture of it on a strip of paper. Continue until you have completed telling the story and students have drawn 3-5 main events.
    • Show students how to glue the first strip of paper in a circular shape or loop. As you continue, show students how to loop the strips through the initial circle to make a chain.
  4. After connecting the 3-5 major story event paper slips together, color and cut out the snake head, Rattlesnake Story Chain Print Resource. Glue it to the final slip of paper and have students connect it to the top of the chain.
  5. “You now have your own story snake to remind you to make safe and golden choices.” Play “Help me! I’m Stuck” Resource, invite your students to sing and dance using their newly made snakes as movement props.

Golden Rule Challenge: As a class, we will practice civility (cortesia) when we talk to each other.

Arts Experiences Teacher Guides