Stars Shine Brightly 1st Grade Arts Experience Teacher Guides

Welcome to AGREE’s “Stars Shine Brightly” Arts Experiences! Designed to help K-5 Educators to address Arizona standards in Arts, World Native Language Studies, ELA and Social Studies. Created by Arizonans for Arizonans, this resource is for the classroom and is designed to be facilitated in order. Each grade level has 5 experiences involving Storytelling, Music, Theater, Dance, and Visual Art, with topics that broaden students’ understanding of The Golden Rule.

Arts Experience #1

Storytelling

AZ PO Strands

1.C1.1; IR.NL.1

AGREE Strand

SSB.G-1.1

Objectives

Social Studies Objective:  (1.C1.1) Apply value of respect, responsibility, and fairness in their own actions as they think about how someone else may feel.

World/Native Language Objective: (IR.NL.1) Recognize a few letters or characters and learned words and phrases.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-1.1) Students will recognize when an action is motivated by kindness, realize saying thank you and helping others in return is the appropriate response.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

“The Hunter and the Ducks” Resource,  “danya vad” Audio Resource (on this page)

Cultural Focus

India

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: (danya vad (Hindi for thank you)

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Review the Golden Rule: To treat others the way that you would want to be treated. Explain to students that this activity will help them see what the Golden Rule looks like.
  2. Select a student to answer the situational question. “What if you were new at a school and you walked into a cafeteria and you didn’t know anyone? What would you want someone to do for you?” Have the student answer.
  3. Select a second student and have them now be in the same situation. Ask the first student to show the class what the Golden Rule looks like. For example, if the first student said, “I would want someone to say hello and invite me to sit with them,  to show the Golden Rule, the first student would then treat the second student by saying hello and inviting him or her to sit with them.
    • Optional: Repeat the activity in small groups with each group creating a different scenario (e.g. You left your backpack at home and don’t have any supplies). Invite groups to show what the Golden Rule looks like by acting out their scenario and demonstrating how they would like to be treated.

Golden Question: Why do you like it when someone else reaches out to help you? 

Telling the Story:

  1. Mention “It is important to recognize when people are being kind.” Teach students how to say thank you in Hindi (danya vad). Use “danya vad” Audio Resource on this page for pronunciation.
  2. Preface the story: “The story is set in India and is about a team or flock of ducks. There is one Wise Duck that knows a few things that younger ducks do not know. Listen as Wise Duck helps the flock of young ducks. By helping, Wise Duck is being kind.”
  1. Read aloud or play the story using “The Hunter and the Ducks” Resource. Invite students to flap their wings, pretend to be eating and act out different parts during the story. 
  2. “After Wise Duck helped the ducks escape the hunter, what would be a good response from the ducks?” As a class, find moments throughout the day to say thank you or “danya vad”.

Golden Rule Challenge: When someone helps me, I will say thank you and help others too.

Class Activity: Invite class to write thank you cards to other students throughout the day. Encourage them to look for ways other students are helping out.

Arts Experience #2

Music

AZ PO Strand

MU.CR.1.1b, 1.RL.3

Agree Strand

SSB.G-1.2

Objectives

Music Objective: (MU.CR.1.1b) With appropriate guidance, generate musical ideas in multiple tonalities and meters. 

ELA Objective: (1.RL.3) Describe the characters, the settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-1.2) Students will recognize the importance of listening to the people in their lives who help them use time wisely. 

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-K.2) Learn about what Kindness looks like and identify when it is safe to help.

Cultural Focus

India

Prospecting for Gold: How do you help other people? What are some ways other people have helped you?

Singing the Song:

  1. Review the main points of the story (“The Hunter and the Ducks” Resource), helping them identify key details about the setting and characters (they lived on a pond, the ducks began to disappear, Wise Duck talks to other ducks, the hunter is outsmarted, etc).
  2. Preface the song, “We will now be learning a song. In this song, Wise Duck will share the advice she gave the flock of ducks. This song was created here in Arizona, imitating the Carnatic music style from India.”
    • Optional: Identify the musical instruments used to create the song (Musical Instruments Visual Resource). 
    • Optional: Learn more about Carnatic Indian music as a class by researching and using additional online resources. 
  3. “This song is in a minor mode which will sound different from most of the music we hear on the radio. We will listen to the song and repeat what Wise Duck has to say.” 
  4. Play the beginning of the song (“Listen Closely” Music Resource) and model how to repeat the lyrics (call and response). 
  5. Optional: Have them move their hand up and down as notes move higher and lower.
  6. Teach a simple time-keeping clapping pattern (“Time Keeping” Video Resource): “We will keep the time or beat on the palm of our hands, similar to musical practices in India.” 
    • Part 1: Clap the palms of your hands together gently, then turn the right hand so the back of the hand is touching the left palm, repeat once (4 counts). 
    • Part 2: Clap the palms of your hands together gently, then touch the left hand with your right hand fingers in this order: pointer finger, middle finger, and ring finger (4 counts). 
    • Repeat Part I and Part II continually during the verses of the song. 
  7. “We will now practice keeping time/rhythm while responding to Wise Duck by singing her same words.” Have students continue the “Time Keeping” pattern as they listen to the music and sing the responses. 
  8. Ask: “While you were focusing on keeping time with your hands, did you hear the advice given by the Wise Duck? Was it challenging to do both?” 
    • Answers: “Listen closely…hunter coming… must be careful…work together…time is keeping your behavior.” 
  9. “In the song, it says ‘time is keeping.’ Timekeepers are people who help us get things done and be where we need to be. As first graders, who are the timekeepers helping you at school and at home? (teachers, parents, older siblings, etc.)” Why are these people important?”

Golden Rule Challenge: I will listen closely to the people who are timekeepers for me.

Golden Question: How do other people in our life help us keep time? Why is this helpful?

Arts Experience #3

Theater

AZ PO Strand

TH.CR.2.1b, 2.RL.3, IR.NL.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-1.3

Objectives

Theater Objective: (TH.CR.2.1b) Participate in group decision making to create a theatrical work (e.g. process drama, story drama, creative drama).

ELA Objective: (2.RL.3) Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

World/Native Language Objective: (IR.NL.1) Recognize a few letters or characters and learned words and phrases.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-1.3) Students will discuss and share insights about the importance thinking before they act and working together.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

“The Ducks Work Together” Reading Resource, “samajdar” Audio Resource, “shantra hall” Audio Resource(on this page) (for use in the script)

Cultural Focus

India

Foreign Language Audio Resources

Pronunciation: samajdar” (Hindi for wise)
“shaanth raho” (Hindi for be calm)

Prospecting for Gold: Why is it important to listen to the timekeepers in your life?

Reading the Script:

  1. Before activity, print scripts (“The Ducks Work Together” Reading Resource) for your students and write the following question and word on the board:
    • If you could change how the ducks responded to Wise Duck, what would you change?
    • “samajdar”
  2. Explain “‘samajdar’ (“samajdar” Audio Resource on this page) means being wise. Part of being wise is listening and thinking before we act. Wise Duck is an example of ‘samajdar.’”
    • Optional: Have students practice saying “samajdar” throughout the day, by identifying when someone listens and thinks before they act.
  3. Assign strong readers for main characters and explain that all others will be reading as the ducks. “Listen and pay attention to how the ducks respond to each challenge they face.”
  4. After reading, invite students to answer to the question on the board, “If you could change how the ducks responded to Wise Duck, what would you change?”
  5. Return to the script and read through the “big problem”. 
  6. As a class, decide how the ducks will respond to this problem. Encourage them to practice “samajdar,” to listen and think before they speak. Write down your students’ suggestions on the board and as a class decide what they as the ducks will do.
  7. Invite a few students to the front of the class to act out your class plan, both the problem and the solution.

Golden Discussion: How can listening and thinking before you act help solve class problems?

Golden Rule Challenge: I will be wise and helpful in my class by listening and thinking before I speak.

Arts Experience #4

Dance

AZ PO Strand

DA.RE.7.1b; CUL.N.1, IR.NL.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-1.4

Objectives

Dance Objective: (DA.RE.7.1b) Identify, describe or respond through movement to observed or performed dance movements from different genres or cultures.

World/Native Language Objective: (CUL.N.1) Participate in age-appropriate and culturally authentic activities such as celebrations, songs, games, and dances; recognize products of culture 

World/Native Language Objective: (IR.NL.1) Recognize a few letters or characters and learned words and phrases.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-1.4) Learn how calming their minds, slowing their breath and becoming peaceful, helps them make wiser/better decisions in the classroom.

Cultural Focus

India

Prospecting for Gold: Have you practiced listening in your class? How has it helped?

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Start by having one student show the class what it looks like to stay calm and quiet. Have them keep their focus on you, no matter what. 
  2. Invite all the other students to start quacking. While the students are quacking, say something (e.g. “I have a reward for you for being so respectful.” If you say this, be sure to have a reward prepared for the student). 
  3. After you calm the other class members, ask the quiet student if they heard what you said. If they did hear you, have them share what they heard with the class and give them a reward for listening. “This is one reason why it is important to learn to become calm and peaceful, you may wish you had heard what was said.”

Doing the Dance:

  1. Say, “Today we will be learning a sequence of movements called “Wise Duck’s Sun Salutation”. These movements are influenced by a practice that originated in India called Yoga. These movements can help us feel calm, slow down and be peaceful. Slowing down and being calm can help us make good decisions, even when surrounded by loud quacking ducks.” 
  2. Have each student find their own space in the classroom, arms length from the nearest students. To learn this movement, use the “Wise Duck Sun Salutation” Video Resource or follow these steps below:
    • “Greet the sun” (Arms reach down, then move out to the sides and circle up till they are reaching above our heads)
    • “Connect to the earth” (Arms remain up and then move back down to the sides, continuing all the way down to the ground, now in a forward bend, arms dangling in front of body)
    • “Take the time to think” (Slide hands up the shins to the knees, keeping a flat back, and then gaze forward)
    • “Gather good thoughts to your heart and make a good decision” (Move hands from knees, reaching back down to the ground and then up and around arms stretching to the sides, till you once again reach above your head, followed by bringing palms together, down in front of your heart and breathe). 
  3. Perform the Wise Duck’s Sun Salutation at the beginning, middle and end of the song “Listen Closely” Music Resource
    • Time Keeping (which they learned in Experience #2) is done during the two verses, in a seated position or criss-crossed (Time Keeping Audio Resource)
    • Have them practice both movements (Sun Salutation, Time Keeping) with the music. “Notice how you feel after you do these movements.”

Golden Discussion: How can being calm help us make wiser decisions?

Golden Rule Challenge: When it’s noisy in the classroom, I will try to stay calm and listen to my teacher.

Arts Experience #5

Visual Art

AZ PO Strand

VA.CR.2.1a

Agree Strand

SSB.G-1.5

Objectives

Visual Art Objective: (VA.CR.2.1a) Explore uses of materials, tools, approaches (such as using elements of modern art, applying artistic ideas from diverse cultures, etc.) to create works of art or design.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-1.5) Students will experience working together and discuss why it is important to work together both at home and school.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

“Duck Puppets” Visual Print Resource, “Paisley Design” Print Resource

Additional Materials (per student): Scrap paper, Coloring tools, Scissors

Cultural Focus

India

Prospecting for Gold: How have students been wise in our classroom? How has it helped?

Creating the Art:

  1. Print a duck pattern “Duck Puppets” Print Resource and paisley design guide “Paisley Design” Print Resource for each student. These will be used to make a flying duck puppet. 
  2. Provide each student with the paisley guide and a scrap piece of paper for creative practice. Explain to your students that they will be practicing drawing a special design from India, called a paisley. “The Paisley design combines a teardrop shape with dots, stripes, flowers or leaves.”
  3. Invite students to follow the paisley guide and then practice drawing their own paisley designs on their scrap paper. 
  4. After practicing for a time, have them draw paisley designs on one side of the duck puppet body. Colors should be bright: suggest use of Reds, Oranges, Purples and Yellows.
  5. Show students how to carefully cut out their duck puppet body and wings and invite them to do the same. 
  6. Once their puppet and wings are cut out, show them how to fold the duck puppet body in half, placing a popsicle stick in between the sides and sticking out at the belly. Then glue the popsicle stick inside.
  7. Fold wing tabs and glue tabs, one to each side of the duck puppet body. 
  8. When the glue on the duck puppet is dry, it can be lifted up and down to allow the wings to flap.  
    • Optional: While lifting ducks up and down together, repeat Wise Duck’s advice, “Work together, stronger wiser. Listen closely, flying higher.” 

Golden Discussion: What are ways we can work together in our classroom today? Why is it important to work together when we come to school?

Golden Rule Challenge: We will work together to fly higher.

Classroom Idea:  Make a large tree on a bulletin board and place a string net near the top. Use the duck puppets made by each student. Attach the ducks in the lower branches of a large tree shape. The duck puppets can be moved higher or lower, flying safely from the lake to the tree. This can be used to track progress on any class goal and also help students remember the themes of the story. 

Arts Experiences Teacher Guides