Stars Shine Brightly 5th Grade Arts Experience Teacher Guides

Welcome to AGREE’s “Stars Shine Brightly” Arts Experiences! Designed to help K-5 Educators to address Arizona standards in Arts, World Native Language Studies, ELA and Social Studies. Created by Arizonans for Arizonans, this resource is for the classroom and is designed to be facilitated in order. Each grade level has 5 experiences involving Storytelling, Music, Theater, Dance, and Visual Art, with topics that broaden students’ understanding of The Golden Rule.

Arts Experience #1

Storytelling

AZ PO Strands

5.G2.1; IR.NL.1

AGREE Strand

SSB.G-5.1

Objectives

Social Studies Objective: (5.G2.1) Describe how natural and human caused changes to habitats or climate impact our world.

World/Native Language Objective: (IR.NL.1 ) Recognize a few letters or characters and learned words and phrases. 

AGREE Golden Rule Objective: (SSB.G-5.1) Students will discuss and consider how their words and actions impact others in both positive and negative ways.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

AGREE Website Resources: “The Magic Bead” Resource, “he ai” Audio Resource, “zhi hui” Audio Resource ( on this page)

Additional Resources: Character Name Tags, Paper and pencils

Cultural Focus

China

Foreign Language Audio Resourcse

Pronunciation: he ai  和蔼(Mandarin for kind)
Pronunciation: zhi hui 智慧 (Mandarin for wise)

Golden Discussion: When you are kind to others, how does it benefit you too?

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. “In this series of Golden Rule Experiences, we will be preparing to become Golden Rule Warriors, or individuals who can be counted on to live the Golden Rule.”
  2. Ask your class what they think it means to be a “Golden Rule Warrior”.
  3. Divide your class into groups and have them collaborate in creating an artistic depiction of what a Golden Rule Warrior might look like.

Telling the Stories

  1. Select a student for each character (Candymaker, Candymaker’s wife, Emperor, Ant, Queen Ant, Centipede, Bird, Guard) to act out the story as you read “The Magic Bead” Resource.
    • Suggest ways for each student to personify their character or how they might move.
  2. After sharing the story, ask each student playing a role how their character contributed to the story.
  3. Have a classroom discussion about the characters’ actions. Ask the following questions: 
    • How did characters’ actions impact the village? 
    • Which characters were he ai (kind) and hui (wise)? (Mandarin Language)
  4. Use the “he ai” Audio Resource and “zhi hui” Audio Resource on this page for pronunciation.
  5. Where did you see the Golden Rule in action in the story?
  6. Ask students to write down how their own actions might impact the classroom/world. 
    • You can have them reflect over their day and try to find moments when they were personally living the Golden Rule.

Golden Question: In what ways do your words and actions impact the people around you? 

Golden Rule Challenge: As Golden Rule Warriors, we will be aware of how our actions affect others, in both positive and negative ways.

Arts Experience #2

Music

AZ PO Strand

MU.PR.6.5a

Agree Strand

SSB.G-5.2

Objectives

Music Objective: (MU.PR.6.5a) Perform music with appropriate expression, technique, and interpretation.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-5.2) Students will focus on taking control of their own feelings by pausing, deep breathing and clearing their thoughts.

Cultural Focus

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is China-Satellite-Map-300x251.png
China

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: wo men shi yi ge zheng ti

Prospecting for Gold: What things have you done to have a positive effect on others?

Singing the Song:

  1. “It is important to think before acting. One way to do this is to train yourself to breathe deeply before making a decision, especially when it involves others. You may consider saying this mindful phrase, ‘Never do that to others which would be hurtful to yourself.’”
  2. Inform students that as they learn the song they will also be learning Tai Chi like movements. “These movements will help you slow your breath and prepare you to become a Golden Rule Warrior. While learning these movements, be aware of each other and practice moving as one. The title of the song is “We are One.” In Mandarin Chinese, we are one is said like this: wǒmen shì yī” (“wo men shi yi ge zheng ti”  Audio Resource on this page.)” Ask them to repeat “wǒmen shì yī”. Use the first part of the Kung Fu & Tai Chi Video Resource to help teach the following movements.
    • “Starting,” legs together, slowly circle arms out to the side and raise them till they are high above your head, then slowly bring hands down through the center of your body. At heart center, bring your hands together, right hand in fist and left hand gently covering the fist. Bow.
    • “Moving as water,” lift your bent right leg and move forward slowly, carefully stepping on to the right foot in one smooth motion, simultaneously pushing palms forward as if through water.
    • “Stand like a mountain,” float hands back to center as legs straighten into an A shape and face forward, then bring arms down to your side, elbows bent, hands in fists.
    • “Be Present”, breathe in as you step your feet together, keep your knees bent, raise your hands in front of your chest and circle your hands as if holding a ball of energy, turning to the right and then to the left.
  3. “Closing,” repeat ”Starting” movement. Share with students that this slow movement is in preparation for the faster movement segment which they will learn in Experience #4.
  4. Have them practice Tai Chi movements with the recording “We are All One World” Music Resource (0:00-0:32)
  5. Have them repeat the lyrics after you “We are All One World” Lyrics Resource and then invite them to sing with the recording as they do the Tai Chi movements. The recording is in Call and Response form. Ask them to identify the instruments they hear (Musical Instruments Visual Resource)

Golden Rule Challenge: As Golden Rule Warriors, if we do or say something that we did not realize would hurt someone’s feelings, we will take control of our own feelings by slowing down to clear our thoughts.

Golden Question: How can slowing down help us make better decisions?

Arts Experience #3

Theater

AZ PO Strand

TH.CR.2.5b, 5.RL.3

Agree Strand

SSB.G-5.3

Objectives

Theater Objective: (TH.CR.2.5b) Participate in defined responsibilities required to present a theatrical work informally to peers.

Reading Objective: (5.RL.3) Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text 

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-5.3) Students will ask questions and practice understanding how other people think, feel, and act.

Cultural Focus

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is China-Satellite-Map-300x251.png
China

Prospecting for Gold: When strong feelings arise, how can pausing and taking deep breaths help us know how to respond?

Golden Rule Activity: 

  1. As a class or in small groups, complete the What if?” Print Resource activity.
  2. The activity can be done in groups or as a class, and is outlined in the resource as follows:
    • Choose one student to conduct the interview,  one student to take notes and five students to be the characters. 
    • Have the interviewer ask each character the questions. The five students respond to the questions as if they were the character.
    • The note taker then briefly summarizes what each character said. 
    • As a class, discuss the characters’ motivations and decisions. 
      1. Instructions are on the worksheet. 
  3. “It’s important to get as much information as possible before making a decision about someone’s actions. This will help us to empathize and respond in a more understanding way.”

Reading the Script:

  1. In small groups or as a class, have students choose character parts and rehearse, The Generous Candymaker” Script Resource. 
    1. Optional: Plan a performance day for your students to perform in front of the other groups or for another class.

Golden Question: What things can we do to understand other people’s actions?

Golden Rule Challenge: As Golden Rule Warriors, we will try to understand the reasons behind other people’s actions.

Arts Experience #4

Dance

AZ PO Strand

DA.PR.4.5b; CUL.N.1

Agree Strand

SSB.G-5.4

Objectives

Dance Objective: (DA.PR.4.5b) Dance to a variety of rhythmic patterns. Recognize and respond to tempo changes as they occur in dance and music. Perform movement sequences that show the ability to respond to changes in time.

World/Native Language Objective: (CUL.N.1) Participate in age- appropriate and culturally authentic activities such as celebrations, songs, games, and dances; recognize products of culture. 

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-5.4) Students will practice being aware of others around them and showing respect for their space.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

“We are All One World” Music Resources, Kung Fu & Tai Chi Video Resource, “wo men shi yi ge zheng ti” Audio Resource (on this page)

Cultural Focus

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is China-Satellite-Map-300x251.png
China

Foreign Language Audio Resource

Pronunciation: wo men shi yi ge zheng ti

Prospecting for Gold: How does asking questions and trying to understand other people help you live the Golden Rule?

Golden Rule Activity:

  1. Remind students, “You are becoming Golden Rule Warriors who are examples of kindness, empathy, respect, and civility. We’ve already learned two ways to do that: slow down and think before acting. Another way is to make an important decision, the decision to not to intentionally harm others.”
  2. Discuss the difference between accidentally causing injury and intentionally causing injury with your class. Ask “Why is this decision important? How does it help us live the Golden Rule?

Doing the Dance:

  1. As a class, review the Tai Chi inspired movements from Arts Experience #2. 
  2. After reviewing, say, “Kung Fu is a Chinese martial art created for the protection of both self and others. It requires focus and time to master. We will be learning three Kung Fu styled movements. Be aware of each other and aware of the limited space you have to move in.” 
    • Pose 1: From standing position with arms to side, bent arms, hands in fists, legs together, knees bent. Right fist extends forward, rotating knuckles up while simultaneously stepping the left leg out. Say “Young.”
    • Pose 2: Left arm thrusts across waist to the right, left palm open facing out, right hand at waist, body twisting into a right lunge and left leg straight and extended behind. Say “Here.”
    • Pose 3: Stand on straight right leg, left leg raised, knee bent. Arms raised near head and pinching fingers together. Say “Now.”
  3. Return to standing position and repeat. Practice until students look confident transitioning between each move. They will be repeating the movements multiple times during the song, starting slow and eventually speeding up. Remind them to breathe. Use the Kung Fu & Tai Chi Video Resource, to show the movements in sequence.
  4. “We will now combine these movements with the slow tai chi movements we’ve learned. As we move remember that we are one, “wo men shi yi ge zheng ti”’ (Use “wo men shi yi ge zheng ti” Audio Resource on this page for pronunciation). 
  5. Play the song “We are All One World” Music Resources and sequence the movements as follows: Tai Chi -> Kung Fu -> Tai Chi -> Kung Fu ->Tai Chi. 
    • Have them end in a bow, left hand in a fist, right hand covering it near their heart.

Golden Rule Challenge: As Golden Rule Warriors, we will be aware of others around us and respect their space whether in a classroom, at home or in public

Golden Question: Why is it important to be aware and respect each other’s space?

Arts Experience #5

Visual Art

AZ PO Strand

 VA.CR.2.5a

Agree Strand

SSB.G-5.5

Objectives

Visual Art Objective: (VA.CR.2.5a) Develop skills in multiple art-making techniques and experiment with approaches (such as using elements and principles of modern art, applying artistic norms of diverse cultures, etc.) through practice.

AGREE Objective: (SSB.G-5.5) Students will connect the Golden Rule with standing up for how people should be treated, promoting Kindness, Empathy, Respect, and Civility.

Materials

AGREE Resources:

“Chinese Fan” Print Resource, “Mandarin Chinese Characters” Print Resource, “shàn liáng” Audio Resource (on this page), “tóng qíng” Audio Resource (on this page), “zūn zhòng” Audio Resource (on this page), “lǐ mào” Audio Resource (on this page)

Materials: colored paper, black markers, wooden dowels or popsicle sticks, glue

Cultural Focus

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is China-Satellite-Map-300x251.png
China

Foreign Language Audio Resources

Pronunciation: shàn liáng
Pronunciation: tóng qíng
Pronunciation: zūn zhòng
Pronunciation: lǐ mào

Prospecting for Gold: How can we be aware of those around us and respect their space? Why is that important in living the Golden Rule?

Creating the Art:

  1. “As Golden Rule Warriors, we have learned about living the Golden Rule. Today we will learn how to say and write the four compass words: Kindness, Empathy, Respect, and Civility in Mandarin Chinese.”
  2. Write the following words in English and Mandarin on the board and use the pronunciation resources on this page and have students practice saying them. Kindness: “shàn liáng” (“shàn liáng” Audio Resource), Empathy: “tóng qíng” (“tóng qíng” Audio Resource), Respect: “zūn zhòng” (“zūn zhòng”Audio Resource), Civility: “lǐ mào” (“lǐ mào”Audio Resource).
  3. Pass out the “Mandarin Chinese Characters” Print Resource. Invite students to practice drawing the characters using the step by step guide. 
  4. Using the “Chinese Fan” Print Resource, have students cut out the circle and trace it twice on two different pieces of paper, writing the characters on one of the circles.
  5. On the other circle have them draw or create an illustration that personally represents the Golden Rule for them.
  6. They will now create a fan by placing a stick between the two circles and glue them together, art work facing out. Let dry before using as a fan. While fanning themselves, have them repeat the four compass words with you in both English and Mandarin.

Golden Rule Challenge: You are all now officially Golden Rule Warriors. As Golden Rule Warriors, you will be ambassadors for kindness, empathy, respect, and civility, standing up for we should be treating each other.

Classroom Idea: As new Golden Rule Warriors, come up with a chant or a phrase incorporating what students have learned about the way they want to treat each other. Chant this daily to reinforce their commitment to living the Golden Rule.

Arts Experiences Teacher Guides